Manually creating a service in Windows

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The New-Service cmdlet creates a new entry for a Windows service in the registry and in the service database. A new service requires an executable file that runs during the service.

The parameters of this cmdlet let you set the display name, description, startup type, and dependencies of the service. Create a service that includes binary path name for services, startup type, and display name.

This command creates a service named TestService. It uses the parameters of New-Service to specify a description, startup type, and display name for the new service. This object includes the start mode and the service description.

If you type a user name, this cmdlet prompts you for a password. Specifies the names of other services upon which the new service depends. To enter multiple service names, use a comma to separate the names. The feedback system for this content will be changing soon. Old comments will not be carried over. If content within a comment thread is important to you, please save a copy. For more information on the upcoming change, we invite you to read our blog post.

Specifies the path of the executable file for the service. This parameter is required. None Accept pipeline input: False Accept wildcard characters: Specifies the name of the service. Prompts binary path name for services for confirmation before running the cmdlet. False Accept pipeline input: Specifies a user account that has permission to perform this action.

Specifies a description of the service. Specifies a display name for the service. Sets the startup type of the service. The acceptable values for this parameter are: The service is started only manually, by a user, using the Service Control Manager, or by an application.

The service is started or was started by the operating system, at system start-up. If an automatically started service depends on a manually started service, the manually started service is also started automatically at system startup.

The service is disabled and cannot binary path name for services started by a user or application. The default value is Automatic. Automatic, Manual, Binary path name for services Position: Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run. Note The feedback system for this content will be changing soon.

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Path interception occurs when an executable is placed in a specific path so that it is executed by an application instead of the intended target. One example of this was the use of a copy of cmd in the current working directory of a vulnerable application that loads a CMD or BAT file with the CreateProcess function. There are multiple distinct weaknesses or misconfigurations that adversaries may take advantage of when performing path interception: The first vulnerability deals with full program paths, while the second and third occur when program paths are not specified.

These techniques can be used for persistence if executables are called on a regular basis, as well as privilege escalation if intercepted executables are started by a higher privileged process. Service paths stored in Windows Registry keys 2 and shortcut paths are vulnerable to path interception if the path has one or more spaces and is not surrounded by quotation marks e. For example, if the path in a shortcut is C: The PATH environment variable contains a list of directories. Certain methods of executing a program namely using cmd.

For example, if C: Search order hijacking occurs when an adversary abuses the order in which Windows searches for programs that are not given a path.

The search order differs depending on the method that is used to execute the program. An adversary who finds a program vulnerable to search order hijacking i. An adversary may place a program called "net. In addition, if an adversary places a program called "net. Eliminate path interception weaknesses in program configuration files, scripts, the PATH environment variable, services, and in shortcuts by surrounding PATH variables with quotation marks when functions allow for them 4.

Be aware of the search order Windows uses for executing or loading binaries and use fully qualified paths wherever appropriate 8. Clean up old Windows Registry keys when software is uninstalled to avoid keys with no associated legitimate binaries. Periodically search for and correct or report path interception weaknesses on systems that may have been introduced using custom or available tools that report software using insecure path configurations 9. Require that all executables be placed in write-protected directories.

Ensure that proper permissions and directory access control are set to deny users the ability to write files to the top-level directory C: Monitor file creation for files named after partial directories and in locations that may be searched for common processes through the environment variable, or otherwise should not be user writable.

Monitor the executing process for process executable paths that are named for partial directories. Monitor file creation for programs that are named after Windows system programs or programs commonly executed without a path such as "findstr," "net," and "python". If this activity occurs outside of known administration activity, upgrades, installations, or patches, then it may be suspicious.

Data and events should not be viewed in isolation, but as part of a chain of behavior that could lead to other activities, such as network connections made for Command and Control , learning details about the environment through Discovery , and Lateral Movement.

MS — Fixing a binary hijacking via. Retrieved July 25, Retrieved November 30, Help eliminate unquoted path vulnerabilities. Retrieved December 4, Retrieved December 5, Windows NT Command Shell. Retrieved July 27, Vulnerability and Exploit Detector.

Retrieved February 3, Retrieved November 18, Windows Commands Abused by Attackers. Retrieved February 2, Retrieved March 31, Application Lockdown with Software Restriction Policies.

Retrieved from " https: Persistence Privilege Escalation Technique. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in. Views Read View form View history. Navigation Main page Help Contribute References. This page was last modified on 11 January , at This page has been accessed 5, times.