Order types & how they work
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Do not get lost in the stock market terminologies. Learn these terms before you begin reading about indicators and chart patterns. To fully get to grips with learning the stock market, you first need to understand all the different terminology that is often used. Use our stock market terminology page as a guide that you can consult for a glossary of terms and lingo that will help you understand the markets better.
If the terminology page still doesn't help with a query or problem that you have then please feel free to contact us for help you're stock market education is important to us. Measures the net difference between advancing issues and declining issues and adds it to previous results. This gives an accumulative value which is then plotted on a chart. Price breaks support and creates sell signals.
The price then rallies and cancels the sell signal thereby catching all the short sellers on the wrong side. A call option gives the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy a security at a predetermined price within a specific time.
A call option is bought for leverage or for limiting your risk. A very old form of Japanese charting. Used for the prediction of the direction of the next move. When a trendline on an indicator points in opposite direction then trendline is on price.
Often seen when price makes a higher high and indicator makes a lower high the trendline above the price will point up and the trendline on the indicator will point down.
The higher price the stocks have, the bigger influence it has on the index. A strategy developed by Ralph Nelson Elliot which is based on wave counting. He believed price moves in repetitive waves. A gap that is filled and price then continues in the opposite direction of the gap resulting in a reversal of the trend prior to the gap. A set of rules that helps the trader narrow down the amount of trades and only focus on those believe to be quality trades. An order that stays open till either filled or cancelled however there is a time limit of 90 days.
An order that stays open until either filled or until the specified date where it will automatically be cancelled. A way to protect your investment. Done by making a transaction that offsets the existing investment. A fund which invests in any available instrument but more aggressively than a mutual fund as the hedge fund is exempt from many rules so it can both short sell, use leverage etc. A mathematical formula used to predict the direction of a security.
Often a derivative of price, but also of volume. Non-public information in a business that could move price of a stock, should that information made public. Anyone in a company who are presumed to have the opportunity to gather inside information concerning that company. A company or a person's debt. Current liabilities are debt which is due for payment within one year.
Long term liabilities are debt that is due for payment after one year. The possibility to buy or sell a security in volume without big price fluctuations. A liquid stock is one with a high daily volume. An account that uses credit from the brokerage firm to buy or sell short securities. The client will be charged interest on the credit.
The client will have to deposit a margin amount to get the credit. Also referred to as Market Cap. The total value of a company which is calculated by multiplying total amount of shares with stock price. A brokerage that's able to have an ask and bid in the market for any given security to be ready and able to trade at the price.
If traded the market maker will supply or receive the given security. Market Makers are providing liquidity in the market and are essential for the market to stay efficient.
A fund which invests in any available instrument, stocks, bonds etc. Mutual fund units can be bought and sold through a brokerage firm. A market capitalization weighted index of over stocks. The bigger market cap on the stock the more influence it has on the index. A term used when technical indicators suggest that the price of a security is too high and is bound to fall. A term used when technical indicators suggest that the price of a security is too low and is bound to rise. When a market maker has artificially inflated or deflated price in order to make a security look better or worse than the truth.
When a trade is not taken with real money but merely "written down" in order to keep a record. A risk free way of testing a trading strategy. A chart consisting of X's and O's and only take price into consideration.
When price climbs, a predetermined amount the chart will plot a X and when price drops it will plot an O. It makes is easy to compare to other stocks. When a stock follows a sector, index or commodity so close that you can substitute it for the other.
A put option gives the owner the right but not the obligation to sell a security at a predetermined price within a specific time. A put option is sold for leverage or for limiting your risk. A strategy where the trader will be looking to trade securities trading in a channel, either sideways or trending channel. A comparison of a security's trend with for example the market or sector to see whether it's underperforming or outperforming. A level where price seems to run into too much supply so price stalls and possibly reverses down.
Membership on a stock exchange. Often mentioned as owning a seat on the exchange. This membership gives certain benefits such as lower commissions. Selling a stock while it is still advancing instead of selling after reaching the high point of the move. Speculating that the security will drop in value by selling a not yet owned security and then looking to buy it back at a lower price. The short seller then returns the borrowed securities.
The price that triggers your order often market order but limit order is used too for exiting your position. Buying and selling positions for the intention of holding two days or more.
Looking for quick gains. An analysis of a security using charts with various indicators plotted. Analysis divided up in three steps. First analysis of the overall market, then the sectors and finally the individual stocks. A stop loss that is being moved with the trade as price moves. In a long trade the stop would be moved up and in a short trade the stop loss would be moved down.
Never move stop against the direction of the trade. A measurement of price fluctuations. Often measured in percentage. When traders talk about increased volatility they are referring to price moving up and down rather fast. Also known as Flushout Day. When a decline ends with a high volume bar that "washes out" all the sellers. Buyers take over and the stock can climb again. Title Trading in the Zone. This book explains how to approach trading in a structured and disciplined way and how to control your emotions.
It helps you learn to accept losses as a natural part of trading. It is a MUST read. Recommended for all levels of traders. Mindset A proper mindset is important if you want to succeed in the stock market Learn more.