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In Major League Baseball , a player to be named later can be used to finalize the terms of a trade at a later date, but draft picks are not admissible as trading assets with one exception.
A no-trade clause is an amendment to a contract, usually relevant in American professional sports, wherein a player may not be traded to another club without the player's consent.
Sometimes this clause is implemented by the club itself, but the vast majority are requested by the athlete and his sports agent. In many cases, these no-trade clauses are limited, where a club may be limited to trading the athlete only at certain times, or only to a certain team or geographical area.
Many European leagues, mostly professional soccer and basketball , also implement these contract amendments.
Each league usually has its own rules regarding these clauses; for example in the NBA, no-trade clauses can only be negotiated into contracts when a player has at least four years of service for the team he is signing the contract with and at least eight years total in the NBA.
In the NHL, these rights have been blamed for the lack of trades that have been pulled off in recent years, with critics citing examples where "done deals" were blown up by "selfish players.
Often the no-trade clause is waived by the players themselves, usually in order to play for a contending team. In one dramatic case in , Tampa Bay Devil Rays first baseman Fred McGriff mulled over waiving his rights for nearly a month before ultimately accepting a deal which sent him to the Chicago Cubs. In , Kobe Bryant was willing to waive his no trade clause with the Los Angeles Lakers in order to be dealt to either the Phoenix Suns or the Chicago Bulls , but in this case , Kobe Bryant's own pickiness as far as where he would like to play limited the Lakers' ability to move him and eventually no trade was made at all.
Darryl Sittler 's no-trade clause protected him from being moved, when Toronto Maple Leafs owner Harold Ballard and manager Punch Imlach wanted to get rid of or reduce Sittler's influence on the team; a few years later Sittler waived the clause when relations between him and Ballard deteriorated.
Dany Heatley demanded a trade from the Ottawa Senators at the end of the —09 season ; a deal was in place to send Heatley to the Edmonton Oilers on June 30, but Heatley refused to waive his no-trade clause the Oilers had missed the playoffs for 3 straight seasons , so he was traded to the San Jose Sharks instead.
The holdout lasted into the summer of , when he was traded to the New York Rangers for Brandon Dubinsky , Tim Erixon , Artem Anisimov , and the Rangers first round pick in the draft. In an unusual case, Mats Sundin refused to waive his no-trade clause during the latter part of the season, even though his Maple Leafs were on track to miss the playoffs, and his contract was set to expire after the season concluded.
Sundin said he did not believe in being a "rental player" and that if he won the Stanley Cup , he wanted to do it over the course of a whole season. A trade deadline or trading deadline is a rule regulating the trading of professional players' contracts between clubs. In Major League Baseball and the National Hockey League, players acquired through trade after the trade deadline are ineligible for postseason play in that season, unless the respective league allows them to replace an injured player on the roster.
This term is used mainly in North America. In the approach to the deadline, there is heightened activity and interest in trades. It was moved to July 31 starting with the season. Because of free agency and the lack of a salary cap in baseball, players in the final year of their contract are often put on the "trading block" by many of the non-playoff contending teams. Smaller market teams will not — or cannot afford to — pay their better veteran players high salaries, so they will attempt to trade them to a post-season contender, in exchange for some minor-league prospects or other players who might be able to help them in the future.
The MLB waiver deadline is August There is much less activity between August 1 and August 31 because players must clear waivers. The waivers are revocable meaning that a team can revoke the claim of another team on their player.
The trade deadline was instituted by MLB in response to various attempts by two New York City -based ballclubs, the Giants and Yankees , to use their financial advantages to tilt their respective leagues' competitive balance in their favor from through In the Yankees' case, most of its dealings were with the Boston Red Sox.
It prohibited the trading and selling of ballplayers between August 1 and the conclusion of the World Series. A uniform rule serving both major leagues, which was adopted prior to the season , set the deadline at June The National Football League 's deadline is the Tuesday following the eighth week formerly sixth of the regular season.
Usually, there is fairly little activity on this day and almost no star players are ever dealt to other clubs on the sixth week of the season. The early deadline, along with players having to learn a whole new system on the fly, along with the salary cap often makes it difficult to make blockbuster trades on this day, unlike most other sports.
Post deadline trades are not allowed. The National Hockey League 's trade deadline is calculated as the 40th day before the final day of the Regular Season, ensuring that it typically falls during the last week of February or the first week of March. Much like Major League Baseball and the National Basketball Association, the NHL's trade deadline is often a period of increased player movement; teams that are either making a final push to secure a playoff spot or hoping to go deep into the playoffs attempt to trade to acquire key veterans or proven scorers in order to solidify their rosters.
Players on playoff-contending teams who are injured and not expected to return for the current season may be offered to teams that are rebuilding, since they will be of no value to a team's playoff prospects in the current season but may be of value to another team for a future season s.
Also, players who are about to become unrestricted free agents and have indicated that they do not intend to return to their current teams may be traded away so that those teams will get something in return, instead of seeing such players sign with another team while their former teams receive nothing.
The NHL trade deadline also generates a great deal of talk among hockey fans and analysts, with much speculation and discussion about which players will get traded and where they will go. In Canada , the NHL trade deadline is treated with such significance that the two major sports networks TSN and Sportsnet devote much of the day to speculation and coverage of trades.
Association football clubs have two transfer windows per season. In most countries, one falls during the middle of the season and the other runs during the period between seasons, generally called the "close season" in Europe and "off-season" in North America.
The difference between a transfer window and a trade deadline is that players cannot be bought or sold outside these transfer window periods. The notion of transfer windows was initially introduced in Europe , and subsequently adopted by FIFA. Like North America's trade deadline, there is greatly increased activity and interest as the close of a transfer window draws near. MLS roster freeze date falls on September 15, at which time teams must submit their final roster that cannot be changed through the day after MLS Cup.